Capstone Week Discussion

Capstone Week Discussion

 I need 225 words Initial Post and two replies of 75 words each. Due in 12 hours. I will send the student replies later.  

Review the article “Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response,” which was published in Nature Human Behaviour and answer the following questions:

1.  Why do the authors consider political polarization to be a barrier?

2.  What lessons from the Ebola crisis regarding trust and compliance can be applied to the COVID-19 pandemic?

3.  Based on the concepts in the article, can you think of one extension to the hypotheses proposed in the XN project summary in the syllabus that we went over in class?

Yanjun Chen

COLLAPSE

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1.  Why do the authors consider political polarization to be a barrier?

The reason why the United States has been unable to control COVID-19 is influenced by several factors of politics, money and culture, rooted in a decisive characteristic of American society in the era of coronavirus: extreme political polarization.

According to the article, the author makes several points that he believes political polarization is an obstacle:

On the one hand, as the article says, ” partisans may receive different news because individuals can self-select polarized news sources or partisan ‘echo chambers’”(Bakshy & Adamic, 2015). Extreme political polarization includes not only partisan disputes, but also media, science Related issues such as the hostility of civil servants. On the other hand, the article also mentioned that “Popularity not only highlights the common identity of all people facing the same risks, but also may establish a common sense of destiny.” This highlights the importance of race, socioeconomic status and access to health care coverage. Relationship. Polarized politics has put pressure on American families, communities, and social structures. In the case of injustice, hostility may be necessary, and this political culture will become more and more confrontational, making the political movement more focused on defeating opponents than supporting its own positions and ideas.

The fierce divisions in American politics are weakening American diplomacy. First, it will affect US diplomacy in many ways and cause damage to the credibility, reliability, and capabilities of the United States. Second, polarization will destroy the non-political function of diplomacy. Successive US secretaries of state have been cautious about excluding domestic politics from foreign policy. The differences in the foreign policy of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party are bound to weaken the functions of diplomats, interfere in the internal affairs of the United States, and damage the national interests of the United States.

The polarization of the United States is an obstacle, and it is deeply entrenched and has wide-ranging influence. Polarization is a mixture of race, ideology and religious divide (Bavel, Baicker, Willer, etc. 2020).

2.  What lessons from the Ebola crisis regarding trust and compliance can be applied to the COVID-19 pandemic?

After I read the Eblola Crisis regarding trust and compliance can be applied to the COVID-19 pandemic, I learned that during the Ebola health crisis in West Africa, one of the main reasons for the rapid spread of the disease was mistrust of governments, which affected public cooperation. Working with local peace builders, trusted and respected community members, public health officials have created the right environment in which local residents can work with health workers and government agencies (Christened &Voors, etc.). However, to achieve this level of compliance and co-operation, you need trust. People need to trust science, trust public authority and trust the media. In the past few years, irresponsible politicians have deliberately undermined trust in science, public authorities and the media, so the COVID-19 epidemic is a major test of citizenship (Alsan & Wanamaker, 2018). In the days ahead, each and every one of us should choose to trust scientific data and health care experts, and build public trust in science, public authorities and the media, rather than believing in baseless conspiracy theories and self-serving politicians.

3.  Based on the concepts in the article, can you think of one extension to the hypotheses proposed in the XN project summary in the syllabus that we went over in class?

I agree that clarity in government communication reduces public anxiety and reduces economic uncertainty. Decisions made under intense pressure can be wrong. Policy mistakes have their costs, but hesitations can be costly, too. Based on the concepts,I agree that clarity in government communication reduces public anxiety and reduces economic uncertainty. Decisions made under intense pressure can be wrong.Policy mistakes have their costs, but hesitations can be costly, too.I believe that with regard to the COVID-19 crisis, governments should consider not only certain policy measures but also limiting the uncertainty associated with them.If governments and central Banks provide a complete toolbox, preferably in an internationally co-ordinated manner, as soon as possible, to put crisis response first and have a positive impact on business and consumer expectations.Measures taken too little, too late, and spreading chaos in the process, can have lasting effects on both the economy as a whole and the livelihoods of individuals.

References:

Alsan, M. & Wanamaker, M. Tuskegee and the health of black men. Q. J. Econ. 133, 407–455 (2018).

Bakshy, E., Messing, S. & Adamic, L. A. Political science. Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook. Science 348, 1130–1132 (2015).

Bavel, J., Baicker, K., Boggio, P., Capraro, V., Cichocka, A., Cikara, M., . . . Willer, R. (2020, April 30). Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Retrieved July 14, 2020, from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-020-0884-z

Christensen, D., Dube, O., Haushofer, J., Siddiqi, B. & Voors, M. Community-based crisis response: evidence from Sierra Leone’s Ebola outbreak. Am. Econ. Rev. Pap. Proc. (in the press).

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Chunxu Wang 

Week 1

COLLAPSE

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1. There are two formations of polarization among citizens. According to the author (2020), ‘Attitudinal polarization’ concerns partisans taking extreme opposing issue positions, whereas ‘affective polarization’ refers to partisans disliking and distrusting those from the opposing party. The public in society may mislead by incorrect information if affective polarization. Besides, individuals have different and various comments toward the threat in the situation and appropriate actions. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, it negatively affects the spread of information thus limit communication. 

2. A great example would be a religious activity. According to the author (2020), during the Ebola crisis, religious leaders across faiths in Sierra Leone advocated for practices such as handwashing and safe burials. The engagement of religious activities spreading was considered a turning point during the crisis. This is great proof that a reliable source that spreading the public message for different audiences is effective. Also, utilizing the local community to spread knowledge of Ebola will help the public understanding and help prevent the epidemic. 

3. Through the article, it is essential to realize how the importance of information propagation. Effective spreading will help audiences improve their understanding of the epidemic crisis thus effectively avoid these. One extension I can come up with is the information spreading in the local community. Such as the two examples used in facing the Ebola crisis. Moreover, government voice is 

Reference:

Bavel, J.J.V., Baicker, K., etc. Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Nat Hum Behav 4, 460–471 (Apr 30, 2020). Retrieve from:   https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-020-0884-z  

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