Discussion

Discussion


Reflect on the assigned readings for Week 1 and then type a two-page paper regarding what you thought was the most important concept(s), method(s), the term(s), and/or any other thing that you felt was worthy of your understanding.  Define and describe what you thought was worthy of your understanding in half a page, and then explain why you felt it was important, how you will use it, and/or how important it is in project planning. 

Project Management: Past and Present

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

1

Project Management Past and Present

This chapter introduces project management as an important activity in many different careers and industries.

The chapter presents a brief overview of the history of project management tools and project management professionalism.

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

Careers Using Project Management Skills

Everyone carries out projects, every role in every organization.

Projects can be any size from one-person doing his or her homework to thousands of people working together with billion-dollar budgets.

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

Project management skills

Planning

Communication

Delivering results

Monitoring risks

Managing resources

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

Industry sectors

Business owners

Agriculture and Natural Resources

Arts, Media and Entertainment

Building Trades and Construction

Energy and Utilities

Engineering and Design

Fashion

Finance

. . . continued on next slide

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

Industry sectors (continued)

Health and Human Services

Hospitality, Tourism and recreation

Manufacturing and Product Development

Education

Public Services

Retail and Wholesale Trade

Transportation

Information Technology

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

History of Project Management

Early methodologies not well-documented, but results still stand: the pyramids, Stonehenge, mass human migrations

Late 19th century

Construction of intercontinental railroad, other large projects

Early 20th Century

Frederick Taylor created Scientific Management of industrial processes

Henry Gantt developed a bar-chart approach to illustrating timing of project tasks and progress

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

History of Project Management (continued)

Mid-20th century

CPM and PERT methodologies identified the importance of task sequences, task dependencies and the concept of the critical path.

Project management as a profession

Project Management Institute (PMI) was founded

Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) was created

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

History of Project Management (continued)

Today

Increasing recognition of project management as a specialized set of skills applicable to many different industries

Project Management certifications: PMP, CAPM, specializations

PMBOK is in its 5th edition

Variations on methodologies:

phased (waterfall approach)

Agile methods

The importance of integrating projects into portfolios and programs

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

Summary

Project management has existed as long as humans have worked together to achieve goals

Project management skills are useful in all careers

Project management takes place in all industries

Project management tools and methodologies have evolved over the past century and a half:

Scientific management

Gantt chart

Pert/CPM network diagrams

There are associations of professional project managers that set standards for the practice of project management

PMI’s Project Management Body of Knowledge or PMBOK, currently in its fifth edition.

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

Questions?

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Project Management

Chapter 1: Project Management: Past and Present

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